Pinot Nero is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis Vinifera. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from Pinot Nero grapes. The name is derived from the French words for pine and black; the pine alluding to the grape variety having tightly clustered, pine cone-shaped bunches of fruit.
Pinot Nero grapes are grown around the world, mostly in the cooler regions, but the grape is chiefly associated with the Burgundy region of France. Other regions that have gained a reputation for Pinot Nero include the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs (American Viticultural Area) of California, the Walker Bay wine region of South Africa, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand. Pinot Nero is also a primary variety used in sparkling wine production in Champagne and other wine regions.
It is widely considered to produce some of the finest wines in the world, but is a difficult variety to cultivate and transform into wine. The grapes tendency to produce tightly packed clusters makes it susceptible to several viticultural hazards involving rot that require diligent canopy management. The thin-skins and low levels of phenolic compounds lends Pinot to producing mostly lightly colored, medium bodied low tannin wines that can often go through dumb phases with uneven and unpredictable aging. When young, wines made from Pinot Nero tend to have red fruit aromas of cherries, raspberries and strawberries. As the wines age, Pinots have the potential to develop vegetal and barnyard aromas that can contribute to the complexity of the wine.
Pinot Noir is widely planted
in Italy, it is grown successfully in the regions of; Umbria, Marche, Toscana,
Piemonte, Lombardia, Veneto, Friuli, Valle d’Aosta and Trentino Alto Adige.
Pinot Nero Grapes
The most notable ones are
Adige where it is known as Blauburgunder. The Colline di Bolzano DOC and the Lago
di Caldaro DOC are home to the most acclaimed, they are grown and produced near
the towns of Mazon, Egna, Montagna and Muri Gries.
DOCG where the varietal is used in producing still red, rose, and white wines
as well as Metodo Classico (Methode Champenoise) white and rose sparkling
DOCG where it is one of the three allowed varietals in the Metodo Classico
white or rose sparkling wines.