is a white Italian wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the Campania
region of southern Italy and on the island of Sicily. In Campania, this fairly
strong flavored white wine grape is particularly noted around Avellino where
the (DOCG) wine of Fiano di
Avellino is produced. The grape has a long history in the Campanian region and
is believed to have been the grape behind the ancient Roman wine Apianum. Even
today, the name Apianum is permitted to appear on wine labels of the DOCG wine
Fiano di Avellino.
wines are pale in color, and typically strong-flavored with an intense aroma;
it is described as being "weighty" on the palate, with a honeyed,
floral nose and distinct taste qualities of spice, honey, and frequently a
was traditionally subject to being unduly heavy and especially to being prone
to premature oxidation, however winemaking techniques of modern times are said to
have largely or wholly overcome those problems. The grape is inherently
low-yielding, and that combined with the older difficulties of vinification saw
its plantings decrease markedly in the last couple of centuries; but it is now
again on the upswing, as a result of the better winemaking and consequent worldwide
interest in Fiano.
repute, the best specimens come from the province of Avellino, and are known as
"Fiano di Avelino". True Fiano di Avellino must be at least 85% Fiano
(with Greco, Coda di Volpe, and Trebbiano also permitted up to a combined total
maximum of 15%), and is often 100% monovarietal.