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Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used in the production of white wine The variety originated in the Burgundy region of eastern France, but is now grown wherever wine is produced, from England to New Zealand.In Italy it is used to produce sparkling wines like Franciacorte or Metodo Classico Wines for example.
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For new and developing wine regions, growing Chardonnay is seen as a "rite of passage" and an easy entry into the international wine market.The Chardonnay grape itself is very neutral, with many of the flavors commonly associated with the grape being derived from such influences as Terroir or Oak.

It is vinified in many different styles, from the lean, crisply mineral wines of Chablis, France and Italy or aged in oak, with tropical fruit flavors. In cool climates (such as Chablis and the Carneros AVA of California), Chardonnay tends to be medium to light body with noticeable acidity and flavors of green plum, apple, and pear.
Chardonnay Grapes

In warmer locations the flavors become more citrus, peach, and melon, while in very warm locations more fig and tropical fruit notes such as banana and mango come out. Wines that have gone through Malolactic Fermentation tend to have softer acidity and fruit flavors with buttery mouthfeel and hazelnut notes.
Chardonnay is an important component of many Sparkling Wines around the world, including Champagne. A peak in popularity in the late 1980s gave way to a backlash among those wine connoisseur who saw the grape as a leading negative component of the globalization of wine. Nonetheless, it remains one of the most widely planted varietals with over 160,000 hectares (400,000 acres) worldwide and planted in more wine regions than any other grape.