Pallagrello Nero is an obscure black grape variety that is grown in Campania, Italy. The ancient variety, once renowned, has had a renaissance in the last few decades after nearly falling into extinction in the 20th Century. Wines made from Pallagrello Nero have attracted attention for their full body, soft tannins and flavor intensity.
The variety is thought to have originated in Campania, but other researchers have suggested a Greek origin. Pallagrello Nero was once a favorite of Ferdinand IV, the Bourbon King of Naples and Sicily, who had the variety planted (along with its sibling Pallagrello Bianco) in his famed Vigna del Ventaglio, or Fan Vineyard. The phylloxera epidemic of the late 19th Century was thought to have sent Pallagrello Nero to extinction, but a local grape grower discovered the variety in the 1990s and replanted it, with a handful of other producers following suit.