Nebbiolo is king of the Piemonte varities. The grape dates back to 1268 in Rivoli near Turin, although Pliny the Elder gave acute detail of a grape resembling Nebbiolo in the Valtellina region Lombardia in the first century A.D. The grape is still cultivated in Valtellina under the local name, Chiavennasca.
It fairs well in both of these regions as a result of the calcareous soil, but because of its naturally acidic character and late ripening, it often must be planted on the best and sunniest vineyards to increase its residual sugar on the vine.
Nebbiolos from Italy are dry, slightly acidic and elegant with typical aromas of dark fruit, berries, violet, and tobacco. Piemonte nebbiolos are typically more concentrated than Chianvennasca, although the different microclimates in both Valtellina and Lombardia provide vastly different representations of the grape.